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AACR2 (second edition of the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules): General rules for access points with descriptive cataloging.

Abstract: A brief description or summary of the content of a long study. The abstract is often presented with a reference to the study.

Access: Generally, the availability of information; the privilege of acquiring desired resources such as books. Direct access allows the user to refer directly to the shelves for books or magazines.

All rights reserved: A statement that usually appears on the left or top of the title page of a printed book, stating that all rights granted by applicable copyright law belong to the copyright owner and that he or she can take legal action against any infringement.

Application: It is a library education or one-to-one reference process that allows the student or user to follow the research methods demonstrated by the instructor or reference librarian, usually in a computer environment. This practical experiment can often be more effective than the lecture method.

Archives: public records or historical documents; the place where these records and documents are kept.

Article: A short work on a topic, usually 1-35 pages long. It is often printed as part of a tabloid, scientific journal or newspaper.

Ask the librarian: A method of electronically submitting questions to the reference librarian for information about a library's own collection or other areas.

Attachment: A separate file (eg text, XL sheet, graphic, audio or video recording) sent accompanied by an e-mail message.

Author: Individuals or organizations that write or edit a document. Searching for the author's name is a search option when searching for information.



Barcode: A small computer-readable label consisting of closely spaced bars. Barcodes on books and university IDs are used when borrowing any resource from the library.

Bibliographic reference: A record of a bibliographical item that can be in any format (printed text, computer file, video recording, musical scores, etc.).

Bibliography / Bibliography: A reference list of sources referenced in writing a research text or other document. See also Reference

Borrowing: The process of borrowing a resource from the library for reading, listening, or viewing within a specified period of time. Borrowing times vary from library to library. Borrowing of resources is done using Circulation/Reserve Desks or automatic lending machines.

Borrowing rights: The borrowing rights usually granted to a library user who has applied for a library card. These rights are; most of the time, the removal of books or other resources from the library's collections open for borrowing for a certain period of time, interlibrary loan resources, access to special collections, etc. includes rights such as These rights may be suspended if the penalty is not paid.

Bound: Skin covered with cloth or leather.



Catalog: A list of resources, such as books, magazines, maps, and/or videos, arranged in a specific order. This list usually records the resources of a collection, library, or group of libraries, identifying and indexing them.

Collection: This term; defines a library's collection of all resources or certain collections that have a common quality, such as a rare collection or a reference collection.

Conceptual index: Controlled dictionary (standardized word or list of words) used in an index or database. A conceptual index is an alphabetical list of terms in use. The conceptual index also includes synonyms or related terms, hierarchical arrangements (narrow term, broad term) and obsolete terms and words that are no longer used today.

Consortium: An official association of two or more institutions that try to achieve certain goals by collaborating (eg Anadolu University Libraries Consortium - ANKOS).

Copyright: All rights established by law in the printing, production or sale of a literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work.



Daily: Published daily, usually except Sunday. It is also used in the sense of a daily published periodical such as a newspaper.

Database: Information stored in a computer system that can be accessed in different ways by making arrangements for various purposes.

Descriptor: A word that describes the subject of an article or book; It is used in many computer databases.

Dictionary: A book (also known as """"lexicon"""") that presents words arranged alphabetically in a particular language and information such as the meaning, etymological source, pronunciation of each word, or the equivalents of words in a particular language in another language.

Doctoral dissertation: An extended written review (such as a book) on a subject presented by a graduate student as a condition of obtaining a doctorate degree. See also Thesis

Documentation: The service of providing library users with information sources or photocopies. Some libraries limit their document delivery services to distance education students, faculty members or graduate students.



Edition: Information about the edition of the work, usually placed at the bottom of the title page or on the left page. Usually this information shows the name and address of the printing house and the date the book was published.

Electronic source: Material consisting of data and/or computer programs that are read and operated directly on a computer, such as a cd-rom drive, or by connecting to a remote network such as the Internet. This category; software applications, electronic texts, bibliographic databases, institutional archives, websites, electronic books, electronic journal collections and the like.

Electronic / e-book: A digital version of a traditional print book intended to be read with a personal computer or e-book reader (software used on standard-size computers or a book-size computer used as a reader only).

Electronic / e-journal: A journal presented on the Internet or electronically or on a computer, such as on a CD-ROM.

Electronic / e-reserve: An electronic version of course reserve resources organized in a readable form on a computer display screen. See also: Reserve resources

Encyclopedia: A work containing detailed information in all branches of knowledge or in a particular branch of knowledge (such as history or chemistry). Mostly the articles or entries in it are arranged alphabetically.

Extended term: A topic or descriptor within a hierarchical classification system that includes another term as a subgroup. For example, “Libraries” is listed under “School libraries” as the expanded term.



Footnote: A note placed at the end of a chapter or book to explain any point in a text, show the basis for an assumption, or indicate the source of an idea, concept, quote, or information. Like footnotes, these notes are numbered superscript and listed in order in the text.

Full text: An electronic resource that provides the full text of articles published in one or more magazines, magazines and/or newspapers, or of a single work (eg Britannica Online).


Handouts: One or more printed pages, usually stapled in one corner, that collects the oral presentation or training at a meeting (summary, outline, copies of PowerPoint slides) or contains additional information (supporting information, examples, reading suggestions, communication information, etc.) and notes distributed to participants during the presentation/training.



ILL (Interlibrary Borrowing): The service of providing the resources that the user needs and that are not available in the library system from other libraries.

Information: Data that is interpreted in the context in which it will be used and presented in an easily understandable form. In a more dynamic sense, a message conveyed through the use of a communication or expression channel.

Information literacy: Information literacy is knowing when and why information is needed, where it can be found, how to evaluate it, and how to communicate it ethically.

ISBN (International Standard Book Number): A special 10-digit code given to a particular edition of a book before it is published. Since January 1, 2007, International Standard Book Numbers consist of 13 digits.

ISSN (International Standard Serial Number): A special 8-digit code given to a specific title (a journal) of a series of publications.

Issue / publication: A publication that has received issues in the serial.

Irregular: The frequency of a series of publications printed at uneven intervals that do not follow a regular or discernible rule.



Keyword: An important or catchy word or term in a headline, abstract, or source text, often used as a search term and pointing to the topic.



Logical search operator: A method of combining search terms by describing the relationship of one concept to another, usually using auxiliary terms such as """"and"""", """"or"""", """"not"""".



Magazine: A periodical (eg Tempo, Current) containing news, stories or articles on a variety of topics for general reading (as opposed to a scientific or technical audience).

Manuscript: Text that has been handwritten or typed rather than printed.

MARC (Machine-Readable Cataloging): It is the basis of almost all automated cataloging systems. This standard format for bibliographic descriptions was developed by the American Library of Congress in the 1960s.

Monthly: Published every month (twelve times a year), although it is likely to be published monthly, sometimes bimonthly, during the summer months. Many magazines and some journals are published monthly (eg Monthly Labor Review).

Multimedia: Any information source that presents information using more than one format (print, image, audio or visual).

Multiple search: Searching for information using software designed to enable the highest level of access by scanning multiple web search engines and combining results. The term is also used more generally to mean a single point of access to multiple electronic resources.

My Pocket Library: It is a mobile phone application, one of the sub-services of Yordam BT company. Click for detailed information.



Narrow Term: In a hierarchical classification system, it is a topic or descriptor that expresses the subtopic of the topic with another term. For example, “Music librarianship” under “Library”.

Newspaper: A publication containing general information, geographical area or various information on a specific subject (such as business, culture, education). Usually published daily



Off-campus access: Accessing databases from off-campus via the library website using authentication information such as username, ID number, and PIN number.

OPAC (Public Online Catalogue): Computer-based library catalog accessed via terminals or workstations. It is used instead of a card catalog in universities and large public libraries. It is also called the “online catalogue”.



PDF (Portable Document Format): A universal file format that preserves all fonts, formatting, colors, page numbers, and graphics in the source document. PDF files preserve the originality of the source they contain and are often like the photo of the original document. In order to view or transfer a document in PDF format, Adobe Acrobat Reader software must be installed on the computer.

Peer-reviewed journals: Journals with scientific articles whose content has been reviewed by scientists with similar expertise to the author's.

Penalty: The amount the borrower will pay if library resources are not returned on time.

Penalty-free period: The period determined as the period after which the borrower can return the resource without penalty, following the return date.

Periodicals: Publications such as magazines, magazines and newspapers that are published monthly or weekly, usually at various times of the year. Periodicals usually have volume and issue numbers. The words magazine, magazine, periodical and periodical can be used interchangeably.

Place number: A set of letters and/or numbers that identifies the location of a particular resource in the library and provides its organization within the library collection.

Primary sources: The name given to the original records/sources of events. For example; diary, newspaper article, court report.

Print: All copies of a work printed with the same editing. Changes to the edition, such as """"new edition"""" or """"second edition"""", mean that the work has been renewed or its content has changed.

Printed: Written symbols of the language as depicted on paper. The information source can be printed or electronic.



Rare Books: Books that are valuable in terms of their content, elusiveness, date of printing or publication, physical characteristics or condition (eg signed or annotated by a famous author).

Reference: A reference note that refers to the work from which a paragraph is taken or the source to which a statement belongs.

Reference / Consultation: 1. Service to provide information that users need. 2. Sometimes the word “reference” is used in encyclopedias, indexes, handbooks, dictionaries, etc. It is used to name a collection containing resources such as 3. Citing a work is also known as a reference.

Reference Librarian: Reference librarians are experts in accessing information and serve users. At the information desk, they answer questions from users by phone, e-mail or online. They also provide training on the use of library resources and information technologies.

Reservation: It is the user's request to reserve a resource that he wants to borrow, but which is in another user, when it is returned to the library for his own use. A “reservation” request can usually be made for any library resource in circulation, with the help of a person or online.

Reserve resources: Resources that are loaned for a limited time (usually a semester or a semester) for a short period (one hour, three hours, overnight, three days, etc.) These resources should be used within the library.

Return: Returning a resource borrowed from the library on or before the return date. Return times for borrowed resources vary from library to library. Returning resources is done using Circulation/Reserve Desks or automated lending machines.

Return date: The date by which borrowed library resources should be returned or replenished.

Roaming: Transactions executed from the Roaming and Reserve Desks. 1. Lending books (or other resources) to users and keeping a record of borrowed resources. 2. The total of volumes loaned for use outside the library in a given period of time.



Scientific periodical (journal): Periodicals that are generally more """"academic"""" than tabloid-type journals. eg. Nature, Environmental Geology, American Journal of Health Behavior.

Scope: These are the subjects included in catalogues, indexes, self-providing services, bibliographic databases, reference works and the like in libraries.

Secondary sources: Sources such as books and journal articles that analyze primary sources. Secondary sources often evaluate or interpret data or evidence found in documents or original research, such as historical manuscripts or diaries.

See also: Reference to additional source of information often found in catalogs or dictionaries.

Server: A host programmed to respond to requests such as downloading data or program files from other user computers within the same network. It also refers to software that enables users to work over the network. Servers are classified according to the functions they perform (application server, database server, fax server, file server, local network server, mail server, controlled access server, terminal server, web server, etc.).

Subject heading: A word or phrase describing the thematic content of a resource such as a book, DVD, and database or catalogue. Library of Congress Subject Headings are used in the library.

Synonym: A word or phrase that has the same or very similar meaning to another word or phrase.



Thesis: A scientific study that is required to be prepared in order to get a higher degree in the academic education process. See also PhD thesis

Title: The name of a book, article, or source of information.

Topic: The main idea around which research or discussion revolves.



URL (Uniform Resource Locator): An example Resource Locator or web address. It is usually found as http://host.subdomain.domain.

Used in library only: A circulation status annotation that is written on the resource (eg REF label for reference resources) and added to the catalog record to indicate that it can be used within the library and cannot be borrowed except under special arrangements. Reference books, periodicals indexes, hardcover or paperback periodicals are generally used in the library. The use of special collections such as rare works and manuscripts may be limited to the designated room and area within the library.



Volume: The sum of the issues of a periodical, usually one year.



Website: A group of interconnected web pages uploaded to a web server and accessible 24 hours a day by internet users with browsing software.

Weekly: Published once a week. It is also called a periodical published once a week. Many news magazines and some newspapers are published weekly.

Wireless: The name given to any electronic device that sends a message to space via electrical or electromagnetic waves instead of a wire.

WWW (World Wide Web): An information network that is part of the Internet that contains text, graphics, sound and motion pictures. Also known as web, www, w3. The Web combines certain internet browsers with a single access method such as Internet Explorer, Safari or Firefox.



XML (Extensible Markup Language): A subheading of the SGML markup language, which indicates that the routing bookmark describes the information it contains, not how an information item is displayed (eg number of products, price, etc.). """"Extensible"""" (extensible) XML tags are not limited and predefined like they are in HTML -- that is, tags must be created and defined by document analysis by the electronic document creator. XML is a flexible text format that can be used on the same web page as HTML, designed to meet the needs of large-scale electronic printing.

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